A memory dump is a process in which the contents of memory are displayed and stored in case of an application or system crash. It helps software developers and system administrators to diagnose, identify, and resolve the problem that led to the application or system failure. It primarily identifies a problem or error within the operating system or any installed application within the system. Typically, memory dump provides information about the last state of the program, applications, and system before they were terminated or crashed. This information consists of memory locations, program counters, program state and other related details. It is displayed on-screen and also creates a system log file for viewing or referencing later. After memory dump, the computer is generally unavailable or inaccessible until it’s rebooted. It can also be caused by memory leak, when the system is out of memory and can no longer continue its operations.